44 Additional Defendants Served and Accused of Defrauding Government and Insurance Companies by Falsifying Patient Records for Cataract Surgeries

PHOENIX - Attorney General Mark Brnovich announced today that an additional 44 summonses have been served on current or former employees of the Kokopelli Eye Institute in the case against Dr. Michael Lee Ham, an eye surgeon with Kokopelli who was recently indicted for an alleged fraudulent billing scheme.

Agents with the Arizona Attorney General’s Office and with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services have been diligently locating and serving indicted defendants. Many defendants are charged with Conspiracy and with Fraudulent Schemes and Artifices, while others also face charges of Illegally Conducting an Enterprise, Participating in a Criminal Syndicate and Theft.

It is alleged the additional defendants assisted Dr. Ham in a variety of ways to falsify patients’ medical records for the purpose of inducing government agencies and third-party insurers to pay for cataract and other eye surgeries on patients of Kokopelli Eye Care from 2009 through the Fall of 2018. It is possible some patients had cataract surgeries that were not medically necessary.

Defendant Laura Crain, a long-time employee of Kokopelli Eye Institute, is also charged with Facilitation to Commit Fraudulent Schemes and Artifices, and with Criminal Impersonation for her alleged participation in illegally obtaining a prescription-only drug at the direction of Dr. Ham. It is alleged that Crain, in conjunction with Dr. Ham, obtained medication from a pharmacy in Prescott Valley in August and November of 2016 under the name of a person who did not consent to, nor was aware of, a prescription being written in her name.

Dr. Ham was arrested on January 2nd in Prescott Valley. He appeared in court for his arraignment on Monday, January 13, 2019, in Yavapai County Superior Court. He is charged with Conspiracy, Fraudulent Schemes and Artifices, Illegal Control of an Enterprise, Theft, and Money Laundering violations for allegedly defrauding Medicare, the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, and the Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System (AHCCCS), as well as several private health insurers. Previous news release.

The indictment follows a multi-agency investigation conducted by the Special Investigations Section of the Arizona Attorney General’s Office, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General, and AHCCCS. The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Inspector General, also assisted. The investigation and prosecution of this case arose from a report to the Prescott office of the Health Care Fraud & Abuse Section of the Attorney General’s Office.

All defendants are presumed innocent until proven guilty in a court of law. 

Copy of indictment.


  1. Dr. Michael Lee Ham

Booking photographs are not available for below defendants because they were not arrested.

  1. Laura Lynn Crain
  2. Jennifer Lynn Head
  3. Janae Lynne Furr
  4. Elizabeth Nancy Price
  5. Sheradri Ann Compson
  6. Jessica Lynn Erks
  7. Tricia Kay Fagelman
  8. Heidi June Elmer
  9. Christopher Jon Bohn
  10. Samantha Tuesday Denny
  11. Jose Luis Alvarez
  12. Shawnee Andrea Clarida
  13. Taylor Michelle Hahn
  14. Lindsay Brooke Rader
  15. Hollie Rebecca Tomaszycki
  16. Jennafer Eileen Topitzhofer
  17. Bethany Jill Pachel
  18. Nina Marie Kinsey
  19. Jessica Nicole Bicker
  20. Sarah Marie Duncanson
  21. Kelsi Jayne Bentley
  22. Renee L. Azzarello
  23. Bobbie Jo Scarbrough
  24. Amber Dawn Havenner
  25. Miranda Shanee Kendall
  26. Sarah Anne Morgan
  27. Jeffrey Scott Harris
  28. Natasha Florence Klein
  29. Gabriel Monique Anderson
  30. Alexis Sarah Anne Fagg
  31. Katherine Paije Chapman
  32. Katalina Reda
  33. Danielle Renee Pascoe
  34. Brooke C.L. Croy
  35. Daniel Paul Gagnon
  36. Carrissa Faye Wall
  37. Daina Marie Christian
  38. Jordan Alyson Montoya
  39. Carlos Garcia
  40. Monica  Chavez Zavala
  41. Donalda Sue Sticka
  42. Ann Marie Nelson
  43. Theresa Velasco Rupp
  44. Lindsay Renee Martell